The very first experience of biological analysis of water in Saint-Petersburg

 

Nataliya B. Balashova, Grigorii A. Kiselev

Saint Petersburg State University (St Petersburg, Russia)

The biological method of water quality analysis, for the first time, was applied in Russia during the examination of Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland in the Baltic Sea by Wislouch S.M. Neva River was a source of drinking water in St. Petersburg and, at the same time, a discharge for all city drains. As a result, it became hazardous to health, being a source of various diseases, especially cholera. From August 1911 to September 1912 pollution studies of the Bay were made to solve the question - where to send the treated waste water of the future sewage system of St. Petersburg. In total, 37 trips were made during this time, 510 samples were taken, including 375 plankton samples and 35 benthic samples. Wysłouch S. M. gave an overview of objects collected at 265 stations located in the area of Neva Bay - from estuary of Bolshaya Neva to Kronstadt, along the southern coast of the Bay and partially along the Northern coast. He brought a list of algae, including 97 species: Algae Cyanophyceae (writing all taxa retained on original source) – 17 species, Flagellata – 19 species, Peridineae – 1, One – 30, Conjugatae – 2, Diatomaceae – 28 species, Fungi (1), Bacteria (17), Protozoa (28), Rotatoria (17). Taking into account the algae and other organisms saprobity indices, areas with different degrees of contamination were identified. All the data was put on map of the Gulf. The most heavily polluted area was the Sea channel, and the area between the Lisij Nos and Kronstadt was the cleanest.

Key words: biological analysis of water quality; Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland; Baltic sea; cholera epidemics

 

Full text of the article in Russian - http://algology.ru/1684

References

  1. Balashova N.B., Tobias A.V., Kiselev G.A., Chaplygina O.Ya. Materials to the algal flora and mycobiota of the reserve “The southern coast of the Neva bay”. The regional ecology. 2017. №1 (47). С. 7–14. (In Riss.)
  2. Wislouch S.M. Kratkij ocherk o biologicheskih issledovaniyah Nevskoj guby v 1911–1912 gg. [Brief essay on the biological research of the Neva Bay in 1911–1912]. Laboratory St. Petersburg women's Medical Institute. St. Petersburg, 1913. 98 p. (In Russ.)
  3. Wislouch S.M. K poznaniyu mikroorganizmov Nevskoj guby [To the knowledge of the microorganismes of the Neva Bay]. Izvestia of the Russian Hydrological Institute. 1921. № 1–3. P. 83–96. (In Russ.)
  4. Yakusheva-Sorensen T. Istoriya vodootvedeniya Sankt – Peterburga [History of water disposal in Saint Petersburg]. Polimernye truby [Polymer pipes]. 2006. №5 (14). P. 52–57. (In Russ.)

 

Authors

Balashova Nataliya B.

ORCID – https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0548-3414, eLIBRARY AuthorID – 172327

Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

balanataliya@yandex.ru

Kiselev Grigorii A.

ORCID – https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8831-8069, eLIBRARY AuthorID – 596813

Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

greenkiss@mail.ru

 

ARTICLE LINK:

Balashova N.B., Kiselev G.A. The very first experience of biological analysis of water in Saint-Petersburg. Voprosy sovremennoi algologii (Issues of modern algology). 2021. № 1 (25). P. 124–130. URL: http://algology.ru/1684

DOI – https://doi.org/10.33624/2311-0147-2021-1(25)-124-130

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